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";s:4:"text";s:8491:"Results of genetic and antigenic characterization testing are published weekly in CDC’s FluView. How does CDC estimate the burden of seasonal flu on the United States? Editor's note: This story was most recently updated Feb. 21, 2020. How Long Do Flu Symptoms Last, and How Long Are You Contagious? Adults ages 65 years and above are at greater risk than younger, healthy adults due to weakened immune systems. “Best-case scenario, we get a few vaccines that work by December,” says Landon. We can have, you know, some parties … some gatherings.” She thinks we could get there by spring 2021 but that it will still take a couple of years to put the pandemic in the rear-view mirror. If you are sick with flu, stay home from work or school to prevent spreading flu to others. In general, a flu vaccine works best among healthy younger adults and older children. The U.S. flu surveillance system is a collaborative effort between CDC and its many partners in state, local, and territorial health departments, public health and clinical laboratories, vital statistics offices, healthcare providers, clinics, and emergency departments. Seasonal flu viruses can be detected year-round; however, seasonal flu activity often begins as early as October and November and can continue to occur as late as May. This year’s flu vaccine has been 45% effective against the flu so far this season, new CDC figures show. “It will take two things to bring this virus under control: hygienic measures and a vaccine. More information about how CDC antigenically characterizes flu viruses is available, and more complete antigenic data will be available in the coming weeks. When Should You Get a Flu Shot and How Long Should It Last? Students return to school in August in Sparks, Nev., for the first time since March with mandatory masks and social distancing to help guard against the spread of the coronavirus. Most people with flu have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugs. In addition, it’s important to remember that a flu vaccine contains three or four flu viruses (depending on the type of vaccine you receive) so that even when there is a less than ideal match or lower effectiveness against one virus, a flu vaccine may protect against the other flu viruses. Why is there a week-long lag between the data and when it’s reported? Similarly, the CDC reported that the previous season included an estimated 35.5 million illnesses and 34,200 deaths. In addition to getting a seasonal flu vaccine, you can take everyday preventive actions like staying away from sick people and washing your hands to reduce the spread of germs. Children younger than 6 months old are at high risk of serious flu complications, but are too young to get a flu vaccine. Are any of the available flu vaccines recommended over the others? Previously, officials had said this year's flu season was on track to be one of the worst in decades. “If there is some element of optimism and not just realism, it’s in that. To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC: “Frequently Asked Influenza (Flu) Questions: 2019-2020 Season,” “Update: Influenza Activity in the United States During the 2018-19 Season and Composition of the 2019-20 Influenza Vaccine,” “Prepare Your Practice To Fight Flu,” “Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine [LAIV] (The Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine),” “FluView,” "Key Facts About Seasonal Flu Vaccine," "Vaccination: Who Should Do It, Who Should Not and Who Should Take Precautions," "Flu Symptoms & Complications," "What You Should Know About Flu Antiviral Drugs," "How Effective Is the Flu Vaccine?" Baloxavir marboxil (trade name Xofluza®) is a new flu single-dose antiviral drug approved October 24, 2018 by FDA. It’s available for children 2 and older who don’t have a compromised immune system. For 2019-2020 vaccines, they selected the H1N1 and B components on March 6, 2019.external icon Selection of the H3N2 component was delayed until March 22, 2019. Landon has been helping companies walk through the numbers as they consider whether to reopen their offices. People at high risk of serious flu complications recommended for prompt antiviral treatment include children younger than 2 years of age (although all children younger than 5 years are considered at higher risk for complications from flu, the highest risk is for those younger than 2 years of age), adults 65 years of age and older, pregnant women, people with certain long-term medical conditions, and residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities). And while widespread inoculation will play a large role in bringing life back to normal, getting the shot will not be your cue to take off your mask and run free into a crowded bar. Information in five categories is collected from eight different data sources that allow CDC to: For more information, visit “Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States”. You can unsubscribe at any time and you can contact us here. All products and services featured are selected by our editors. Studies show that prompt treatment with antiviral drugs can prevent serious flu complications. Flu vaccine effectiveness (VE) can vary from year to year, among different age and risk groups, by vaccine type, and even by virus type and subtype. An antiviral drug—which weakens a virus if you take it early enough—would be a game changer, says Landon, “but that’s some years away.” And it will be important for scientists to keep delivering new drugs and treatments. CDC also is working with the state public health departments and the World Health Organization to collect additional information on antiviral resistance in the United States and worldwide. There are drugs your doctor may prescribe for treating flu called antivirals. And then there’s what epidemiologist Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, calls “the trillion-dollar word of the day with this disease”: immunity. Getting a vaccine out to the American people, of course, is a different problem—and a colossal one. This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. | AP and Getty. Plus, releasing a vaccine early carries the danger of missing a rare side effect, and drug companies in the world’s glaring spotlight will be reluctant to take that risk. But how many deaths might just depend on what society is willing to passively accept. The figure below shows peak flu activity in the United States by month for the 1982-1983 through 2017-2018 flu seasons. And if you got the vaccine late during the last flu season, are you still covered? Cold And Flu, 8 Flu Shot Side Effects You Should Know About, You’re Gonna Want To Get Your Flu Shot ASAP. "Some of that protection goes across the placenta and protects the baby for the first 6 months" before immunization is recommended, he says. Why flu vaccines don’t protect people for long. Influenza is unpredictable. "Pregnant Women and Influenza (Flu)." In order to have flu shots ready for flu season, experts have to decide, months in advance, which strains to include in the vaccine. See the CDC map here.Â. "With people being more educated about the way viruses are passed, and the effectiveness of vaccines, I hope more people will be open to getting the flu vaccine this year. How well is this year's vaccine working against the flu virus? “Just remember that your immune system has to have time to learn how to mount a response—that could be a few days or more than a week to be most effective.”. In a report published by the Center for American Progress this summer, he and co-author Topher Spiro pointed out large gaps in the country’s vaccine setup, including potential shortages of production capacity, syringes and packaging. ", The flu vaccine is usually available in early September at doctor’s offices and drugstores. The overall health impact (e.g., infections, hospitalizations, and deaths) of a flu season varies from season to season. A medical assistant handles a nasal swab specimen after it was collected at a drive-thru Covid-19 testing site in April in St. Louis. According to the U.S. government, hundreds of thousands of doses have already been made. 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